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Photophobia

Photophobia, or light sensitivity, is an intolerance of light. It is a symptom of excessive sensitivity to light and the aversion to sunlight or well-lit places. In ordinary medical terms photophobia is not a morbid fear, but an experience of discomfort or pain to the eyes due to light exposure.
Photophobia is a fairly common symptom. For many people, photophobia is not due to any underlying disease. Severe photophobia may be associated with eye problems and cause severe eye pain even in relatively low light.

Cause-
  • Hangover
  • Migraine
  • Meningitis - photophobia is one characteristic symptom of meningitis
  • Excessive wearing of contact lenses.
  • Eye conditions
          >>Eye infection like conjunctivitis, uveitis, chalazion
          >>Burn to eyes
          >>Allergies
          >>Iritis
          >>Glaucoma
          >>Cataracts
          >>Corneal ulcer
          >>Corneal abrasion
          >>Keratopathy
          >>Retinal detachment
          >>Eye injury
  • Measles
  • Albinism
  • Drugs like- amphetamines, atropine, cocaine, cyclopentolate, idoxuridine, phenylephrine, scopolamine, trifluridine, tropicamide, and vidarabine.
  • Certain rare diseases, such as the genetic disorder keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans (KFSD)
Treatment-
The best treatment for light sensitivity is to address the underlying cause. Once the triggering factor is treated, photophobia disappears in many cases.
If medication is causing light sensitivity side effects, discontinuing the drug will normally solve the problem. Patients should wear sunglasses with ultraviolet protection and a hat with a brim to decrease the symptoms. Light sources should be shielded to prevent direct light into the eyes, and sources of glare in the environment should be eliminated.

Role of homoeopathy
The Homeopathic system of medicine which is proved on living human beings is very effective in both acute and chronic conditions with highest precision. It cures the disease from the root and establishes the harmony in health. After diagnosing the cause, homoeopathic medicines will help in curing the condition.

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