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Nephritis

Nephritis refers to an inflammation of the kidneys. It is a serious condition and may be either acute or chronic. A synonym for nephritis is Bright's disease. It can be caused by infection, but is most commonly caused by autoimmune disorders that affect the major organs.
Most often this disease strikes in childhood or adolescence. It can become progressively worse and result in death, if not treated properly at the initial stage.

Cause-
1.Streptococcus infection of the throat or an attack of scarlet fever.Nephritis usually follows some streptococcus infection of the throat or an attack of scarlet fever, or rheumatic fever.
2.Wrong feeding habit and weak defense mechanisms of the body.
3.The suppressive medical treatment of former diseases,
4.The habitual use of chemical agents of all kinds for the treatment of indigestion and other stomach disorders and frequent use of aspirin and other painkillers.
5.Nutritional deficiencies can also lead to nephritis. The disease can result from a diet lacking in vitamin B1 and choline.
6.It can also be caused by a diet deficient in essential fatty acids and magnesium.
7.When vitamin B6 and magnesium are undersupplied, the kidneys are further damaged by sharp crystals of oxalic acid combined with calcium.
Types-
  • Glomerulonephritis is inflammation of the glomeruli. (Often when the term "nephritis" is used without qualification, this is the condition meant.)
  • Interstitial nephritis or tubulo-interstitial nephritis is inflammation of the spaces between renal tubules.
  • Pyelonephritis is when a urinary tract infection has reached the pelvis of the kidney.
  • Lupus nephritis is an inflammation of the kidney caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a disease of the immune system.

Symptoms-
1.Often, children suffer from sore throat, tonsillitis, boils or scabies, two or three weeks before the onset of the disease.
2.The condition has a sudden onset with fever and backache.
3.Pain in the kidneys, extending down to the ureters
4.Passage of scanty and highly coloured urine. Urine may contain blood, albumin and casts consisting of clumps of red and white cells which come from damaged kidneys.
5.Swelling occurs around the eyelids and on the face giving a puffy appearance. Later, swelling extends to feet, ankles, legs and other parts of the body.
6.In the chronic stage of nephritis, which may drag on for many years, the patient passes large amounts of albumin in the urine. Later, there may be rise in blood pressure and the patient may develop uraemia. There may be frequent urination, especially during night.
Diagnosis-
Nephritis is diagnosed by evaluating-
1.A patient's history and possible genetic precursors for nephritis, any recent history of sore throat or bladder infection can indicate infectious nephritis. Those who have lupus are usually told they are predisposed to nephritis and are urged to report signs of swelling in the extremities to their doctors as soon as possible.
2.Lab tests- urine analysis can be a significant help in diagnosing excess protein in the urine stream, as well as the presence of infection.
3.Blood tests may also help diagnose nephritis.
4.Physical examination can reveal kidneys that are swollen,
5.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to evaluate amount of swelling.

Infectious nephritis is easier to prevent if a patient with sore throat or bladder infection is diagnosed early and adheres to taking the appropriate medications.
Treatment-
One can reduce contracting nephritis from urinary tract or bladder infections with a few simple behavioral changes like
a.Maintaining good hygiene when using the bathroom, like wiping front to back,
b.Drinking plenty of fluids, and
c.Urination every couple of hours to clear the bladder.
d.Intake proteins and salt in diet should be restricted. The diet given must supply adequate calories from carbohydrate and fat sources.
e.Fasting on vegetable juices. The safest treatment for acute nephritis is fasting on vegetable juices for seven to ten days. This will remove the toxins and systemic impurities responsible for the inflammatory kidney conditions.
f.Avoid overloading on kidneys. Take rest.
g.Fresh air and outdoor exercises will be of great benefit in all cases of nephritis and grown-up children should be encouraged to undertake them whenever possible.
Role of Homoeopathy
It should be emphasized that homoeopathy treats patient who is diseased and not the disease, which the patient has. The basic approach in homeopathy is to evaluate the disease of Nephritis in its whole extent, whereby a lot of emphasis is given to the patient as a whole besides minutely studying various aspects of the Nephritis.
The homeopathic approach is to enhance body's own healing capacity so that the all deviations of immune system are brought back to normal. Homoeopathy is very effective in all stages and variants of Nephritis. It helps to reduce (and eventually to stop) the dose of conventional medicines for Nephritis, once the improvement sets in. It helps arrest further progress of disease and hence deterioration caused by disease.
The goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms, prevent complications and delay progressive kidney damage.

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