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Morning Sickness

It is a common disease occurs in 80- 90% females during the third to fifth trimester of pregnancy.
Morning sickness is typically at its worst early in the day, hence its name, but it can strike at any point during the day or night. Despite research, the actual cause remains a mystery, but theories include hormonal changes and fluctuations in blood pressure. In most cases, morning sickness doesn't harm the woman or the unborn child. However, severe morning sickness that includes weight loss and dehydration needs prompt medical attention.

Hyperemesis Gravidarium

HG (Hyperemesis Gravidarium) is characterized by severe nausea and vomiting and can lead to dehydration, weight loss and nutritional deficiencies. This condition needs to be supervised by your medical care professional to make sure mom and baby stay as healthy as possible.

Causes-

Proximate causes of pregnancy sickness include:

  • An increase in the circulating level of the hormone estrogen. Estrogen levels may increase by up to a hundredfold during pregnancy. However, there is no consistent evidence of differences in estrogen levels between women who experience sickness and those who don't.
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) due to the placenta draining energy from the mother, though studies have not confirmed this.
  • An increase in progesterone relaxes the muscles in the uterus, which prevents early childbirth, but may also relax the stomach and intestines, leading to excess stomach acids and gastro esophageal reflux disease.
  • An increase in human chorionic gonadotropin.
  • An increase in sensitivity to odors, which over stimulates normal nausea triggers.

 

Symptoms-

Symptoms of morning sickness can include:

  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Psychological effects, such as depression and anxiety.
Effects on baby

Some women are concerned that the action of vomiting may threaten their unborn baby. Vomiting and retching may strain the abdominal muscles and cause localized aching and soreness, but the physical mechanics of vomiting won't harm the baby. The fetus is perfectly cushioned inside its sac of amniotic fluid. In fact, numerous studies have discovered that moderate morning sickness is associated with a reduced risk of miscarriage. However, prolonged vomiting (such that it eventually leads to dehydration and weight loss) can deprive the child of proper nutrition and increase the risk of the baby being underweight at birth.

Do's and don't for morning sickness
1.Take rest and stress should be avoided.
2.Balanced diet is advisable.
3.Eat small meals regularly, since an empty stomach tends to trigger nausea.
4.Drink plenty of fluids, preferably water.
5.Limit or eliminate fatty and spicy foods.
6.Choose high carbohydrate and high protein foods.
7.Don't take drugs of any kind, unless your doctor knows you are pregnant and has prescribed specific medications.
8.Avoid cooking or preparing foods whenever possible.
9.Wear loose clothes that don't constrict the abdomen.
10.Vitamin B6 supplements can be useful, but doses above 200mg per day can actually be harmful.
11.Do not stay in a suffocative room, try to take fresh air.
12.Take sufficient sunlight do not stay in dark as it causes nervousness resulting in vomiting.
See medical attention
Always seek medical advice if your morning sickness is severe, or if you feel depressed or anxious. Treatment options can include drugs that won't harm the developing baby.

Role of homoeopathy

Homeopathy is ideal for women in their childbearing years as it is a gentle system of medicine. Homeopathic medicines are safe for your growing baby because only a minute amount of the active ingredient is used in their preparation. Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc.

 

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