Gastritis is defined as a group of conditions that are responsible for the inflammation of the stomach mucosa lining. It may be acute or chronic, depending upon the cause and onset.
2.Prolonged intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
5.Infection, commonest bacteria is H pylori
6.Auto- immune disorders
8.Bile reflux disease etc.
1.Initially there is no symptoms are present in some cases where mild pathology is developed.
2.Pain in upper abdomen that may be becomes either worse or better by eating.
3.Nausea and vomiting.
4.Fullness or bloating in the upper abdomen.
5.Burning in the upper abdomen
6.Loss of appetite.
Blood in your vomit or black stools may be a sign of bleeding in the stomach, which may indicate a serious problem requiring immediate medical attention.
Acute gastritis occurs suddenly and is more likely to cause nausea and burning pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen. Chronic gastritis develops gradually and is more likely to cause a dull pain and a feeling of fullness or loss of appetite after a few bites of food.
Usually symptoms help in diagnosing the case but sometimes when diagnosis is not possible through symptoms then following method will help in diagnosis,
1.Blood test- Blood cell count, H pylori, pregnancy test, liver function test, Kidney function test, Pancreas Function test.
2.Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
Left untreated, gastritis may lead to stomach ulcers and stomach bleeding. Some forms of chronic gastritis may increase your risk of stomach cancer, especially if you have extensive thinning of the stomach lining and changes in the lining's cells.
Treatment depends upon the cause of gastritis. It may include lifestyle changes, medication or rarely surgery. Medication includes:
1.Antacids: Antacids containing Aluminum and Magnesium are given but contraindicated in documented hypersensitivity; it can't be safely used in pregnancy also.
2.H2 Blockers: Cimetidine [Tagmet] is commonly given to the patient, it may lead to confusional states; may cause impotence and gynaecomastia in young males.
3.Proton Pump Inhibiters: Omeperozol [Prilosec] drug given to patients may increase toxicity of warfarin, digoxin and phenytoin.
4.Antibiotics: Amoxicillin [Amoxil, Trimox] is contraindicated in hepatic dysfunction. It reduces efficacy of oral contraceptives. Tetracycline used during teeth development can cause permanent discoloration of teeth.
5.Antidiarrheal Agents: They are used along with antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors/H2 Receptor Antagonists to eradicate H.Pylori. Administration along with anticoagulants may increase risk of bleeding. It may cause darkening of tongue and black stool that is temporary.
2. Homoeopathic Treatment
Homoeopathy medicines are prescribed on the basis of presenting complaints while taking into account the physical, emotional and genetic make up that individualizes a person. This constitutional approach encompassing mind and body works at the root-level. Hurry and worry that are at the base of this disease are related to one's nature and tendency, which can be tackled by a constitutional or individualized homoeopathic treatment. Homoeopathy is very effective in managing all the acute as well as chronic expressions of gastritis; it also plays an important role in the prevention of a relapse of the condition.