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Leucorrhoea

Leucorrhoea is a medical term for a condition in which there is a excessive whitish discharge from the vagina. It is very common in females nowadays, i.e. more than 30 per cent of girls suffer from leucorrhoea and feel discomfort and pain. It may be mild to severe, and varies from person to person. It may be thick and viscid, and foul smelling if it is caused by some infection.
All females of reproductive age groups (menarche to menopause) are prone to leucorrhoea at some time or the other. Pathological leucorrhoea occurs more commonly in people with poor hygiene and prostitutes, as they are more prone to venereal diseases, pelvic inflammatory diseases, etc.

There are two types of Leucorrhoea:

  • Physiological
  • Pathological
Physiological leucorrhoea is an excessive discharge or secretions of a normal vagina. They are slimy in nature. Here only the amount of secretion is increased and all the other nature of secretion is the same. Also, any leucocytes, pus cells, bacteria or blood is not present in the discharge.
Causes-
1.In newborn baby for few weeks due to mother's estrogen hormone.
2.During puberty.
3.During Menopause
4.Sexual excitement.

Pathological leucorrhoea
is a discharge occurring due to disease or malfunction of the female reproductive tract. It is the alarming sign for requirement of cleanliness and treatment. The nature of discharge varies from slimy to thick bloody discharge with foul odour.
Causes-
1) Infections
  • From FUNGUS - Candida albicans can easily flourish in moist circumstances and is commonly promoted by synthetic undergarments and poor hygienic condition.
  • FROM PARASITES - protozoa - Trichomonas vaginalis causes the Trichomoniasis which spreads usually through sexual intercourse and moist clothes. 
  • FROM BACTERIA- Gardnerella vaginalis and chlamydia are the prime causes in bacterial infections. Also, it is frequently seen in venereal diseases like gonorrhoea, syphilis, and AIDS. 
2) Injury - Injury to the vagina or cervix or womb during childbirth, abortion, or excessive sexual indulgence can cause erosions and infections with discharges.
3) Poor hygienic conditions and lack of cleanliness - non hygienic measures, especially during menses, can create infection and cause leucorrhoea.
4) Diabetes and anaemia can provoke infections due to weakened immunity.
5) Spread of infection from adjacent urinary tract (UTI) or alimentary tract (worms)
6) Irritation of IUCD (Intra uterine contraceptive device) can cause pain and discharges.
7) Sprays and jellies which are used by males for provoking sexual act and jellies and drugs taken by females to kill sperms to avoid conception can also irritate and initiate the infective process.

Leucorrhoea can also be classified as cervical leucorrhoea or vaginal leucorrhoea i.e., according to the place of its origin - cervix or vagina.

Symptoms-
The discharge is often white. Flow may stiffen the linen or simply leave back a trace of white powder or scales. In most cases discharge emanates from the uterine cavity or vagina. In catarrhal or idiopathic variety of leucorrhoea the discharge is in mild and liquid form. The discharge from the uterus is often from uterine cavity. In certain ladies leucorrhoea discharge sets in even 8-10 days before anticipated period of menses and stops as soon as menses appear but in others, it may start when menses are over.
In addition to the whitish discharge from the vaginal tract, there is weakness as well as pain in the lumbar region and the calves. A burning sensation may be present along with constipation. There appears to be a direct relationship of this disease with a nervous temperament. The patient develops black patches under the eyes. Late nights precipitate the attack.

Diagnosis-
1.Complete blood count to know general health condition
2.Smear of discharge to distinguish physiological and pathological leucorrhoea
3.Discharge culture to determine causative organism
4.Cervical biopsy to rule out cervical cancer.
5.Urine analysis

Treatment-
1.Maintenance of hygiene.
2.Sexual intercourse during heavy discharges should be avoided.
3.Stress and strain  should be avoided since it may affect the hormonal level and may increase secretions.
4.Sharing of towels and underwear should be avoided.
5.Balanced and nutritious diet should be taken.
6.Plenty of water and juices should be taken to avoid urinary tract infection.

Role of Homoeopathy
It will help in boosting the immunity power of the patient with the help of medicines so that there will be natural elimination of the disease condition. Homeopathic prescriptions are based on the nature and time of the discharge and also upon the patient's constitution. The treatment can give permanent relief to recurrent leucorrhoea. The earlier you treat, speedier the cure. Complete cure without any adhesions is possible.

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